This warning applies to infants younger than 6 months





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Este informe contiene información importante acerca de su agua potable.  Haga que alguien lo traduzca para usted, o hable con alguien que lo entienda.


Well 5 in Pine Ridge has high levels of total manganese.



Sample results received for Pine Ridge Well 5 showed elevated levels of total manganese. The total manganese level found was 0.4 mg/L. This level is above the lifetime EPA health advisory level of 0.3 mg/L. According to EPA, consuming water that contains a contaminant above this health advisory level may be a serious health concern. However, it is advised that for infants younger than 6 months, the lifetime HA of 0.3 mg/L be used even for an acute exposure of 10 days, because of the concerns for differences in manganese content in human milk and formula and the possibility of a higher absorption and lower excretion in young infants.


Infant formula typically contains a much higher concentration of manganese than human or cows’ milk. Powdered formula reconstituted with drinking water represents an additional source of manganese intake for a potentially sensitive population. Groups possibly sensitive to manganese would be those who absorb greater amounts of manganese or those who excrete less. These would include the very young (who may absorb more and excrete less), the elderly, and those with liver disease (with impaired biliary excretion). EPA’s Lifetime Health Advisory is based on exposure of a 150-pound adult drinking one-half gallon of water a day. Although manganese is an essential nutrient at low doses, chronic exposure to high doses may be harmful. Manganese intake from drinking water is normally substantially lower than intake from food.


The health effects from over-exposure of manganese are dependent on the route of exposure, the chemical form, the age at exposure, and an individual’s nutritional status. The nervous system has been determined to be the primary target organ with neurological effects generally observed. Many of the reports of adverse effects from manganese exposures in humans are from inhalation exposures in occupational settings.




What should I do as a parent for my child 6 months old or younger?

DO NOT DRINK THE WATER. Use bottled water or alternative sources for drinking, cooking, food preparation, and bottle and/or dish washing until further notice.  This is particularly of importance for infants 6 months old or younger.  Throw away ice cubes if made with tap water.

DO NOT BOIL THE WATER. Boiling, freezing, filtering, or letting water stand does not reduce the total manganese level. Excessive boiling can make the total manganese more concentrated, because total manganese remains behind when the water evaporates. This should be kept in mind with any bottle preparation or breast pump maintenance for infants 6 months old or younger.


If you have specific health concerns, you may wish to consult your doctor.


What happened?  What is being done?

Elevated total manganese concentrations were found in Well 5 during monitoring completed in March of 2019 as discussed above. The well was turned off in April following discussions with PA Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). Pennsylvania American Water and PA DEP are working on removal treatment technique options for Well 5. We’ll let you know when the amount of total manganese is again below the 0.3 mg/L limit.


Well 5 will only be used in extreme circumstances and when it is, an advisory similar to this one will be released to the Pine Ridge residents. The system’s sole storage tank level was reaching levels below normal operating conditions which initiated the need to put Well 5 into service on August 4, 2019. When storage levels are back to acceptable levels, Well 5 will be turned back off and an update notification will be distributed.


For more information contact Pennsylvania American Water’s Customer Service Group at 1-800-565-7292.


Please share this information with all the other people who drink this water, especially those who may not have received this notice directly (for example, people in apartments, nursing homes, schools, and businesses). You can do this by posting this notice in a public place or distributing copies by hand or mail.


PWS ID#: 2520096                                                             Date distributed: August  4, 2019             


Location: Pine Ridge
Issued: 8/4/19
Start Time: 3pm
End Time: 12am
Expires: 12/31/19
Contact Name: Pennsylvania American Water
Contact Phone: 800-565-7292
Posted in: Do Not Consume