Source Water Protection Plans

Source water protection is an ongoing and evolving program to understand and address risks to drinking water supplies. The following sections provide links to approved plans as well as an overview of regulatory requirements for source water protection planning in West Virginia and our approach to the planning process.  

Source Water Protection Plans Approved by WVDHHR

We have submitted a Source Water Protection Plan (SWPP) for each of our water systems to the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources (WVDHHR) for review in accordance with state regulations. WVDHHR approved each of our submitted SWPPs in 2016 following a thorough review and public comment period. Links to the public version of each plan are provided below.

Stakeholder engagement is an important part of source water protection planning and we are committed to informing and engaging the public, local governments, local emergency planners, local health departments and area residents throughout the planning and implementation process. We hosted a series of public meetings in March 2016 to share information about the draft SWPPs and provide the opportunity to provide feedback in person and/or in writing. For a copy of the overview presented at the public meetings, click here. WVDHHR also conducted public hearings for each system during the 180-day plan review period to get input on the plans prior to approval. 

We will also continue to accept comments on an ongoing basis for future plan updates. You may provide input online or by mail to West Virginia American Water, Attn: Source Water Protection Manager, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave, Charleston, WV 25302.

Bluefield Source Water Protection Plan
     Bluefield WVDHHR Response Addendum
Bluestone Source Water Protection Plan
    Bluestone WVDHHR Response Addendum
Gassaway Source Water Protection Plan
    Gassaway WVDHHR Response Addendum
Huntington Source Water Protection Plan    
   Huntington WVDHHR Response Addendum
Kanawha Valley Source Water Protection Plan
   Kanawha Valley WVDHHR Response Addendum
    Kanawha Valley SWPP Supplement
New River Source Water Protection Plan
   New River WVDHHR Response Addendum
Webster Springs Source Water Protection Plan
   Webster Springs WVDHHR Response Addendum
Weston Source Water Protection Plan
   Weston WVDHHR Response Addendum     

Regulatory Framework

The basic foundation for source water protection was established on a national level through the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments passed in 1986 and 1996. These amendments created wellhead protection and source water assessment programs and left responsibility for implementing these programs with each state.

In 2014, the West Virginia Legislature passed Senate Bill 373, which established regulatory requirements for source water protection planning. This added specific requirements for public water utilities to develop and update source water protection plans. A complete copy of Senate Bill 373 can be found here.

The West Virginia Legislature also included provisions through Senate Bill 373 and subsequent Senate Bill 423 to help ensure that contaminants are appropriately stored, handled and safeguarded from ever reaching public water sources. These regulations require that information about contaminant sources be provided directly to water utilities for use in source water protection planning and event response. For more information about aboveground storage tank (AST) notifications to water systems, click here.

Planning Process

Our strategic approach to source water protection planning for each of our water systems across the state is an ongoing process that includes the following components:


  1. Establish vision and program objectives
  2. Evaluate existing plans and operations
  3. Update source water assessments
  4. Conduct technical and feasibility studies
  5. Develop management strategies and action plans
  6. Implement strategies and action plans
  7. Ongoing program evaluation and improvement

Stakeholder involvement is an important part of the planning process. The nature and degree of involvement varies by task and stakeholder group. A few examples include:

  • Regulatory agency input on assessment and feasibility studies;
  • Emergency responder involvement in contingency planning; and
  • Community feedback and support for strategies to address source water issues.

For more information about activities currently underway and how you can get involved, click here.